What are the rules of the road for pedestrians?

Regulation 316 of the National Road Traffic Act sets out the duties of pedestrians when they are on the roads:

  1. Whenever a sidewalk or footpath borders on the roadway of a public road, a pedestrian shall not walk on such roadway except for the purpose of crossing from one side to the other or for some other sufficient reason. 
  2. A pedestrian on a public road that has no sidewalk or footpath bordering on the roadway, shall walk as near as is practicable to the edge of the roadway on his/her right-hand side so as to face oncoming traffic on such roadway, except where the presence of pedestrians on the roadway is prohibited by a prescribed traffic sign. 
  3. No pedestrian shall cross a public road without satisfying himself/herself that the roadway is sufficiently free from oncoming traffic to permit him or her to cross the road in safety. 
  4. A pedestrian, when crossing a public road by means of a pedestrian crossing or in any other manner, shall not linger but shall proceed with due despatch. 
  5. No pedestrian on a public road shall conduct himself or herself in such a manner as to, or as is likely to, constitute a source of danger to himself/herself or to other traffic that is or may be on such road. 
  6. A pedestrian may cross a public road only at a pedestrian crossing or an intersection or at a distance further than 50 metres from such pedestrian crossing or intersection.

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